Museum-apartment of M. Leontovych – Museum «Shchedryk» – a house of legendary melody, which became a symbol of Christmas around the world. The composition on which Mykola Leontovych worked almost all his life first succeeded in Ukraine…
In the times of pre-Ukrainian archaic in the folk art words and melody of «Shchedryk» are formed. Underlying – conciseness, simplicity of language, spring image. The ritual of congratulating the owner and charming the house for good is in action. The chant was transmitted as oral folk art. The especially popular «Shchedryk» was on the Right Bank, in particular in Podillia and Volyn
1901 – 1902 – created the first edition of the arrangement of «Shchedryk» by Leontovych
1906 – 1908 – created the second edition of the arrangement
1914 – created the third edition of the arrangement
1916 – created the fourth edition of the arrangement
1919 – created the fifth edition of the arrangement
January 7, 1917 (December 25, 1916 by the old style) – for the first time «Shchedryk» was performed by the choir of the Kyiv University under the direction of Koshyts in the walls of the native Kiev National University named after St. Volodymyr (now T. Shevchenko University). At that time Leontovych was working in Kyiv. The performance of the work has brought a great success in music circles and among the general public.
May 11, 1919 – European premiere of «Shchedryk» in Prague (Narodni divadlo) performed by the Oleksandr Koshyts Ukrainian Republican Chapel.
October 5, 1922 – Shchedryk was performed for the first time at a concert at the Carnegie Hall in New York by the Olexander Koshyts choir.
The first audio recording of «Shchedryk» was made in the performance of Olexander Koshyts choir.
1936 – American of Ukrainian descent Petro (Peter) Wilhousky, who worked for NBC radio, translated «Shchedryk»
Hark how the bells,
In 1955, Shchedryck could already be heard in the Christmas issue of CBS.
CBS is an American television and radio network. The network appeared in 1928 after William S. Paley acquired 16 radio stations. Under his leadership the company became one of the largest radio networks in the USA and later one of the three largest US television networks.
«Shchedryk» becomes a calling tune for American spacecraft «Space Shuttle».
1990 – the record – breaking American Christmas comedy by Chris Columbus with the participation of young Macaulay Culkin «Home alone» came out on the screens. Then four more sequels. Thus, in the 1990s of the previous century, the Ukrainian Shchedryk rose to the highest wave of cultural life.
In 2018, in the framework of the Leontovych Art-quarter project, implemented with the support of the Government and the Ministry of Culture, the grand opening of the monument “Shchedryk” was in Tulchyn.
Prime Minister Volodymyr Hroisman took part in the action.